A battery

Circuit Diagram:
Conventional Current:
Actual Charge Flow:

The simulation shows a simple circuit, with a battery, a switch, a resistor, and a few wires. Conventional current shows the Ben Franklin view of the circuit, that the flowing charges are positive (shown in red). In actuality, the flowing charges in the circuit outside the battery are negative (shown in blue) - they are electrons - while the ones inside the battery are positive. For the "Actual" situation, note what happens at the two terminals of the battery. This looks a bit like magic, but is actually chemistry.

First posted 12-23-2015. Written by Andrew Duffy
Updated 2-06-2017 so positive charges do not move in the battery when the switch is open.

Creative Commons License
This work by Andrew Duffy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This simulation can be found in the collection at http://physics.bu.edu/~duffy/classroom.html.

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