NS 542/SC 542 Concepts in Physics III: Fluids and Thermodynamics

Physics content: Fluids, buoyancy, and the Laws of Thermodynamics

Philosophy and History of Physics: Comparison of historical models of heat.

Physics Education Research: Misconceptions about heat, temperature and kinetic energy.

Course Schedule (.pdf)

Course Link

NS 542 Concepts in Physics III: Fluids and Thermodynamics

In-Class: Session 1: Static Fluids

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 11.6, 11.1
Pretest on fluids, heat, and thermodynamics
Laboratory Activity: Fluids; atmospheric pressure.

Online: Session 2: Static Fluids and Pressure

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 11.2 – 11.5, 11.12
Web assignment 1

Reading Assignment for Online discussion:

  • Archimedes’ On Floating Bodies from Works of Archimedes.

  • Drake, Stillman. Cause, Experiment & Science. Selections. (p. 21 – 42)

  • Recommended: Galileo, G. Dialogues concerning two new sciences. (pp. 64 – 86). Text available Online at books.google.com.

In-Class: Session 3: Fluid Demonstrations, and Fluid Dynamics I

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 11.7 – 11.10
Activity: Demonstrations related to atmospheric pressure and Bernoulli’s equation
Activity: Applying Bernoulli’s equation

Online: Session 4: Fluid Dynamics II

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 11.7 – 11.10
Activity: More applications of Bernoulli’s equation
Web assignment 2

Reading Assignment for Online discussion:

  • Loverude, M.E., Kautz, C.H., and Heron, P.R.L. (2003). Helping students develop an understanding of Archimedes’ principle. I. Research on student understanding. American Journal of Physics, 71, 1178 – 1187.

  • Heron, P.R.L., Loverude, M.E., Shaffer, P.S., and McDermott, L.C. (2003). Helping students develop an understanding of Archimedes’ principle. II. Development of research-based instructional materials. American Journal of Physics, 71, 1188 – 1195.

In-Class: Session 5: Temperature and Thermal Expansion

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 12.1 – 12.8, 12.11
Activities: Temperature scales, Absolute Zero. Why are bridges and railroads built with gaps?
Laboratory Activity – Mechanical Equivalent of Heat
Philosophy/History/Education Research: In class discussion of Archimedes and Galileo readings, and discussion of student misconceptions about buoyancy and Archimedes’ principle.

Online: Session 6: Heat and Heat transfer

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: Chapter 13
Web assignment 3

Reading Assignment for Online Discussion:

  • Wiser, M. and Carey, S. (1983). When Heat and Temperature Were One. In Gentner, D. and Stevens, A.L. (Eds.) Mental Models. New York:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

In-Class: Session 7: Calorimetry, and Midterm Exam

Equivalence of heat and energy—Joule’s experiment; Specific heat; Latent Heat
Midterm exam

Online: Session 8: Kinetic theory

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: Chapter 14
Activities: Temperature and kinetic energy; Ideal Gas Law; Maxwell distribution
Web assignment 4

Reading Assignment for Online Discussion:

  • Toulmin, S. and Goodfield, J. (1962). Lavoisier’s New System. In The Architecture of Matter (pp. 216-222). Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press.

  • Maxwell, J.C. (1996) Document 16: Molecules. In Garber, E., Brush, S.G. and Everitt, C.W.F. (Eds.) Maxwell on Molecules. Cambridge: MIT Press.

In-Class: Session 9: The First Law of Thermodynamics

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: Chapter 15.1 – 15.4
Laboratory Activity -- Specific heat
Activities: Thermodynamic processes, or How We Gain or Lose Weight
Philosophy/History/Education Research: In-class discussion of readings on the historical theory of heat.

Online: Session 10: Thermodynamic Cycles

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 15.5 – 15.7
Activities: Thermodynamic processes and thermodynamic cycles
Web assignment 5

Reading Assignment for Session 10:

  • Kautz, C.H., Heron, P.R.L., Loverude, M.E., and McDermott, L.C. (2005). Student understanding of the ideal gas law, Part I: A macroscopic perspective. American Journal of Physics, 73 (11), 1055 – 1063.

  • Kautz, C.H., Heron, P.R.L., Shaffer, P.S., and McDermott, L.C. (2005). Student understanding of the ideal gas law, Part II: A microscopic perspective. American Journal of Physics, 73 (11), 1064 – 1071.

In-Class: Session 11: The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 15.5 – 15.7
Activities: The Second law; Heat engines

Online: Session 12: The Ever-Increasing Entropy

Sections from Cutnell & Johnson: 15.8 – 15.10, 15.13
Activities: Statistical viewpoint of entropy—why does heat flow from hot to cold?
Philosophy/History/Education Research: Work on the final paper
Web assignment 6

Take home exam handed out

In-Class: Session 13: Wrap-up

Take home exam due
Student presentations.
Course evaluation.

Bibliography

Selections from primary sources

Drake, Stillman (1981). Cause, Experiment and Science. (Chicago). University of Chicago Press.
This is a recommended book. This book is available Online for less than $1. Principal cost is shipping.

Einstein, A. (1915). Theoretical Atomism. In The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Volume 4.  Princeton University Press.

Heath, T.L. (1953). Works of Archimedes. (New York). Dover.
This is a recommended book. Available Online for about $17 plus shipping.

Maxwell, J.C. (1996) Document 16: Molecules.  In Garber, E., Brush, S.G. and Everitt, C.W.F. (Eds.) Maxwell on Molecules. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Selections from secondary sources

Wiser, M. and Carey, S. (1983). When Heat and Temperature Were One. In Gentner, D. and Stevens, A.L. (Eds.) Mental Models. New York:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Toulmin, S. and Goodfield, J. (1962). Lavoisier’s New System. In The Architecture of Matter (pp. 216-222). Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press.
This is a required book for the course.

Brush, S. (1983). VII. Statistical mechanics and the philosophy of science. In Statistical physics and the atomic theory of matter. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

Selections from Physics Education Research Literature

Loverude, M.E., Kautz, C.H., and Heron, P.R.L. (2003). Helping students develop an understanding of Archimedes’ principle. I. Research on student understanding. American Journal of Physics, 71 (11), 1178 – 1187.

Heron, P.R.L., Loverude, M.E., Shaffer, P.S., and McDermott, L.C. (2003). Helping students develop an understanding of Archimedes’ principle. II. Development of research-based instructional materials. American Journal of Physics, 71, 1188 – 1195.

Kautz, C.H., Heron, P.R.L., Loverude, M.E., and McDermott, L.C. (2005). Student understanding of the ideal gas law, Part I: A macroscopic perspective. American Journal of Physics, 73 (11), 1055 – 1063.

Kautz, C.H., Heron, P.R.L., Shaffer, P.S., and McDermott, L.C. (2005). Student understanding of the ideal gas law, Part II: A microscopic perspective. American Journal of Physics, 73 (11), 1064 – 1071.