Boston University Physics News Archive: 2014
An article by Professor David Bishop and former graduate student Matthias Imboden (PhD, 2012; currently a postdoc in Electrical and Computer Engineering at BU) has been featured in the December 2014 issue of Physics Today. In the article, "Top-Down Nanomanufacturing," they detail the current techniques, challenges, and future directions in the field. A device developed by their lab at BU, which utilizes dynamic stencil lithography to literally write with atoms, is featured on the cover.
In a recent interview with BU, Assistant Professor Tulika Bose discusses her role as Trigger Coordinator for the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the LHC, the difficulty involved in sorting through millions of pieces of raw data per second, and the ongoing search for new physics. BU researchers have been heavily involved in both the CMS and ATLAS experiments at the LHC, which expects to resume operation in March 2015.
Alumna Sharon Glotzer (PhD, 1993) is the joint recipient of this year's MRS Medal "for foundational work elucidating processes of nanoparticle self-assembly." The medal is awarded for a specific outstanding recent discovery or advancement that has a major impact on the progress of a materials-related field. Glotzer is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a Fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science and the American Physical Society. She is currently the Stuart W. Churchill Collegiate Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Michigan.
Alumnus Hadi Ghaemi (PhD, 1996) was recently interviewed in Physics Today on his unique journey from physics to human rights advocacy. Ghaemi came to the US from Iran by himself at the age of 15. After earning his PhD on superresolution microscopy and spectroscopy of nanostructures from BU, he pursued a brief career in physics as a postdoc at the NEC Research Institute in Princeton, New Jersey and as a physics faculty member at the City University of New York. He left academia in late 2000 to work as a consultant for the Center for Economic and Social Rights, where he did research on human rights developments in Afghanistan and Iraq. Ghaemi went on to cofound the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, where he is currently executive director. The Campaign focuses on research and documentation, advocacy, capacity building for Iranian civil society, and mass outreach.
Professors Selim Ünlü and Bennett Goldberg, in collaboration with medical researchers at BU and the University of Texas, have developed a technology to quickly and accurately detect Ebola and other hemorrhagic fever viruses in blood serum samples. Their compact device (right) uses light to measure the size and shape of viral nanoparticles, and requires minimal sample preparation, thereby limiting exposure to health care workers. The device's affordability would give resource-limited areas the necessary tools to combat the spread of Ebola and similar viruses. Read the entire story on BU Today.
It is with great sadness that we learned of the passing of Claire Richards, a former B.U. physics student. Claire earned her undergraduate degree in 2011. She was a stellar student, earning the College Prize for Excellence in Physics. After graduation she worked as a research assistant at Boston Children's Hospitall. In 2013 she entered Northwestern University Medical School. Claire grew up in Minneapolis. Her obituary is published in the Minneapolis Star Tribune here:
and we have a short article about her.
Memorials may be directed to the Stay Out Of The Sun Foundation, which forwards proceeds to support melanoma education and research at the Mayo Clinic.
Claire's family will visit Boston this week, and the Physics Department will have reception with them on Friday October 10th at 3 PM in SCI-352. All who remember Claire are welcome to attend.
Professor David Campbell is the recipient of a 2014-15 Gauss Professorship from the University of Goettingen. The Gauss Professorship was established to commemorate the achievements of the famous German mathematician and scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss, and is awarded to scientists who have made outstanding contributions in one of Gauss' primary fields of interest: astronomy, geophysics, mathematics, and physics. Gauss Professors are invited to give lectures and seminars in an effort to cultivate the exchange of scientific ideas. Prof. Campbell will spend several weeks in Goettingen, where he will collaborate with Prof. Theo Geisel at the University's Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics.
Professor Kevin Black is the recipient of a 2014 US ATLAS Scholars Award. The award is intended to provide travel and salary support for distinguished scholars to visit and collaborate with one of the National Laboratories participating in ATLAS. Prof Black will work at Argonne National Lab on an upgrade of the ATLAS trigger and data acquisition, and searches for new heavy quarks.
Research Professor Plamen Ch. Ivanov, a native of Sofia, Bulgaria, has received the prestigious Pitagor (Pythagoras) Prize. The Pitagor Prize is the highest award in Bulgaria for scientific achievements. The award is given annually by the Bulgarian government to honor scientists in the fields of natural sciences, medicine and technology.
The 2014 Pitagor Prize was given in recognition of Dr. Ivanov's seminal contributions to interdisciplinary science at the interface of physics physiology and medicine, for uncovering basic laws of dynamical interactions among physiological systems, and for pioneering a new field, Network Physiology.
The 2014 Pitagor science awards ceremony was hosted by the Ministry of Education and Science of Bulgaria, and was attended by government officials and representatives of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, leading universities and institutions.
Dr Ivanov (center) is accompanied by the Deputy Prime Minister of Bulgaria, Dr. Daniela Bobeva (left) and the Minister of Education and Science, Prof. Anelia Klisarova (right).
Assistant professor Pankaj Mehta has received a Simons Foundation Investigator Award for the Mathematical Modeling of Living Systems. The program is meant to help scientists engaged in mathematical model-based research in the life sciences launch their careers. Mehta plans to use the award to continue his research at the interface of physics and biology. He is particularly interested in better understanding how the large-scale, emergent behaviors observed within the single cells and cellular populations arise from the interaction of many individual molecular elements, and how these interactions allow cells to perform complex computations in response to environmental cues.
Professor Anders Sandvik was awarded a Simons Fellowship to support his 2014-2015 sabbatical leave. He will spend his time in China and Taiwan collaborating on computational quantum many-body physics with researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou, and National Taiwan University in Taipei. More information about the Simons Fellows Program can be found on their website.
Second-year graduate student Tom Iadecola has been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) fellowship. The NSF GRFP fellowship provides three years of support to "outstanding graduate students in NSF-supported science, technology, engineering and mathematics disciplines." In addition, second-year graduate students Jason Christopher and Chester Curme were recognized with honorable mentions
Tom's research, advised by Professors Chamon, Campbell, and Pi, focuses on the realization and control of novel phenomena in solid-state condensed matter systems through the application of external driving. His recent work has focused on theoretical proposals for turning graphene, which is a gapless two-dimensional material, into a semiconductor whose gap can be controlled externally by varying the driving parameters. A tunable semiconductor of this kind could have applications in the development of next-generation electronic devices.
The Office of the Provost and the Center for Excellence and Innovation in Teaching (CEIT) have awarded the first ever Gerald and Deanne Gitner Family Innovation in Teaching with Technology Award to Andrew Duffy, Manher Jariwala, Bennett Goldberg and Pankaj Mehta of the Department of Physics. The Gitner Award recognizes the faculty member or team that best exemplifies innovation in teaching by use, development, or adaptation of technology that results in positive learning outcomes for undergraduate students and that is recognized or adopted by faculty colleagues within or outside Boston University. The Physics team’s innovation, Transforming Physics Teaching and Learning through Technology, employed a set of interwoven, evidence-based technologies that enhance student learning in the large introductory physics courses, creating an environment in which students learn physics supported by the technology, the space, their classmates, and the instructors, graduate students, and undergraduates who make up the instructional team. The fabric of technologies draws students into the material, into peer- and near-peer discussions, into hands-on discovery, and into high-engagement classrooms. We are enormously impressed by the caliber and depth of the Physics team’s innovation and with its potential as a model for other educators.
Graduate student Jason Christopher has been selected to receive a 2014 National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship. The NDSEG Fellowship is sponsored and funded by the Department of Defense (DoD). NDSEG selections are made by the Air Force Research Laboratory/Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFRL/AFOSR), the Office of Naval Research (ONR), and the Army Research Office (ARO). The American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) administers the NDSEG Fellowship.
Jason's research is focused on developing experimental and theoretic techniques to investigate nanoscale friction and strain engineering and use them to explore the effect of strain on 2D crystal properties and emergence of exotic strain-generated phenomena. Strain is an effective means of tuning mechanical, electrical and optical properties of 2D crystals like graphene, MoS2 and hBN. Strain can create novel phenomena such as pseudo magnetic fields and exciton confinement.
Bogdan Dobrescu earned his Ph.D. in 1997, with a thesis titled "Towards a Natural Theory of Electroweak Interactions". Bogdan is now a Scientist in the Theoretical Physics Department at Fermilab, specializing in Beyond the Standard Model physics. His citation: For original and influential extensions of the Standard Model involving extra dimensions and new gauge dynamics, and for leadership in bridging the gap between new theoretical ideas and experimental tests.
Charles Ferguson earned his Ph.D. in 1997, supervised by Bill Klein. His thesis research was on understanding the statistical distribution and physical nature of the initiation process of earthquakes . Since then, Charles has worked in the field of nuclear non-proliferation, for which he was elected to Fellowship. Charles is currently the President of the Federation of American Scientists. His citation: For applying technical knowledge to public policy on nuclear issues, including nuclear energy, nonproliferation, nuclear and radiological terrorism, and nuclear safety and security; and for communicating that knowledge to society.
Mark Messier earned his Ph.D. in 1999, writing his thesis topic on the discovery of neutrino oscillations by the Super-Kamiokande experiment. Mark's thesis advisor was Jim Stone. Mark is now a professor at Indiana University. He is co-spokesperson of the NOvA experiment, a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment using a beam of neutrinos from Fermilab to northern Minnesota. His citation: For study of neutrino mass and mixing from discovery with atmospheric neutrinos by Super-Kamiokande, confirmation and precision measurements using MINOS, and leadership of the NOvA long-baseline experiment to further refine the fundamental nature of neutrino oscillation.
Physics department Lecturer Andrew Duffy has been selected as one of seven runners from the BU community to run in memory of graduate student Lu Lingzi, one of the victims of the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013. For more, see the story in BU today. There are links at the bottom of the article by which you may donate to a scholarship fund in honor of Lu Lingzi. in the Comment, you can enter Andrew's name and the Parents Leadership Council will match, dollar for dollar, your contribution to the Scholarship Fund. Best of luck in the race Andrew!
Graduating senior Emma Rosenfeld has been named one of 50 Finalists (from a pool of 800 applicants) for the 2014 Hertz Foundation Graduate Fellowship. Up to 15 prospective graduate students in Biology, Chemistry, and Physics will be selected for Fellowships in late March. Best wishes for success to Emma!
The Learning Assistant Alliance will be hosting a regional faculty workshop at Boston University on March 21-22, 2014. The Learning Assistant (LA) model is a mechanism for undergraduate STEM course transformation, K-12 math and science teacher recruitment and preparation, and institutional change. More than 45 universities are running LA programs based on the University of Colorado-Boulder model, and increased demands for faculty workshops aimed at starting, growing, and sustaining LA programs have led to a partnership with the National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and PhysTEC to offer five regional LA workshops in Spring 2014. The other workshops will take place at Florida International University (Feb 9-11), University of Maryland College Park (Feb 22-24), Texas State University San Marcos (Apr 4-5), and Chicago State University (Apr 18-19).
Registration will open in early January, and the $25 registration fee will include all workshop meals and materials. Visit the Learning Assistant Alliance website for more information and updates as they are available.