Role of bridge nodes in epidemic spreading: Different regimes and crossovers

Speaker: Jing Ma, Boston University, Physics Department

When: November 18, 2020 (Wed), 09:00AM to 10:00AM (add to my calendar)

This event is part of the Preliminary Oral Exam.

Power-law behaviors are common in many disciplines, especially in network science. Real-world networks, like disease spreading among people, are more likely to be interconnected communities, and show richer power-law behaviors than isolated networks. In this work, we are going to look at the system of two communities, which are connected by bridge links between a fraction r of bridge nodes, and study the effect of bridge nodes to the final state of the Susceptible-Infected-Recovered model, by mapping it to link percolation. By keeping a fixed average connectivity, but allowing different transmissibilities along internal and bridge links, we find different power-law asymptotic behaviors of the total fraction of the recovered R in the final state as r goes to zero, for different combinations of internal and bridge link transmissibilities. We also find crossover points where R follows different power-law behaviors with r on both sides when the internal transmissibility is below but close to its critical value for different bridge link transmissibilities. All of these power-law behaviors can be explained through different mechanisms of how finite clusters in each community are connected into the giant component of the whole system, and enable us to pick effective epidemic strategies and to better predict their impacts.


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