Muon Spin Precession Frequency Extraction and Decay Positron Track Fitting in Run 1 of the Fermilab Muon g-2 Experiment
This event is part of the PhD Final Oral Exams.
Lee Roberts, Robert Carey, Shyam Erramilli, James Miller, Kenneth Lane
One of the few indications for new physics is the discrepancy between the theoretical and experimental values for the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. There is a discrepancy of 3 to 4 standard deviations between theory and the last experimental measurement made at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 2001, which measured the muon magnetic anomaly aμ to 540 parts per billion (ppb). This discrepancy has been consistent for many years with ever improving theoretical calculations. In order to resolve or confirm this discrepancy experiment E989, Muon g − 2, is underway to measure aμ to 4 times higher precision at 140 ppb. In Run 1 E989 gathered its first production data, consisting of approximately 8 × 109 decay positrons above an energy threshold of 1.7 GeV.
This dissertation describes the experimental measurement, the detectors, the precession frequency extraction, and the track fitting of decay positrons in Run 1. The track fitting is done using a χ2 minimization algorithm to fit tracks propagated within a Geant4 reconstruction simulation including error propagation. The precession frequency is extracted using an analysis technique called the Ratio Method. The Ratio Method takes the ratio of time-shifted decay positron spectra in order to remove the decay exponential along with slowly varying effects in the data. Precession frequency extraction analyses for four near-final Run 1 datasets are presented with full systematic error evaluations. The total Run 1 precession frequency error determined in this analysis is 491.2 ppb, where the error is statistics dominated. Combined with the expected error in the magnetic field measurement of 140 ppb, the expected final error on aμ for Run 1 of E989 is O(510 ppb), comparable to the previous measurement.