The many body localization transition: A dynamical phase transition triggered by a quantum avalanche
This event is part of the Condensed Matter Theory Seminar Series.
I will review recent progress on the understanding of many-body localization, i.e., the phenomenon of absence of thermalization in interacting, disordered quantum systems. After discussing the restricted domain of existence of strict many body-localization and the role of rare events, I will present a real space renormalization group analysis which offers a microscopic scenario for the unusual dynamical phase transition which occurs as a localized system is tuned into an ergodic regime. While the transition is associated with a diverging time scale for thermalization, most spatial correlators remain short range at the critical point. The latter goes hand in hand with the discontinuous evolution of expectation values of local observables. These features distinguish the transition sharply from standard critical phenomena.